Welcome8888彩票为梦而年轻!

 

英语听力

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

研究: 伏案工作一天 健康危害不及坐着刷剧2小时

kira86 于2019-07-12发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
美国一项新研究发现,所有坐姿的危害并不相等,伏案工作一整天可能还不如下班后坐在电视机前看电视那几小时那么有害健康。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Are Some Kinds of Sitting Worse than Others?

是不是有些坐姿危害更大?

Working at a desk all day may not be as bad for your health as sitting in front of a television after work.

伏案工作一整天可能还不如下班后坐在电视机前(看电视那几小时)那么有害健康。

That is a finding of a new study done in the United States. It also suggests that not all forms of sitting are equally bad.

这是美国一项新研究的发现。研究还表明,所有坐姿的危害并不相等。

Jeanette Garcia led the study. Garcia works as a researcher at the University of Central Florida in Orlando.

珍妮特·加西亚领导了这项研究。加西亚是位于奥兰多的中佛罗里达大学的一名研究员。

We've been hearing more and more about how sitting is the new smoking, she said. She added that other evidence suggests a relationship between health problems and time spent sitting.

她说:“8888彩票听到越来越多关于久坐对健康的危害等同吸烟的说法。”她补充道,其它证据表明了健康问题和久坐时间之间的关系。

However, it's been unclear whether all sitting is created equal, suggesting that as long as you reduce any type of sitting, then that's helpful in improving health, she added.

她补充说:“然而,目前还不清楚是否所有的坐姿的危害都是相等的,这表明只要你减少任何类型的坐姿持续时间,都有助于改善健康。”

This study suggests that this may not be the case, and that we should focus more on leisure time sitting, mainly television viewing time, rather than sitting, in general.

“这项研究表明,以下情况或许另当别论:8888彩票应该更关注休闲时久坐的时间而不是坐着的时间,一般而言主要是指坐着看电视的时间。”

The study followed close to 3,600 African-American adults. Almost one-third of them watched television, or TV, for more than four hours a day. A little more than one-third of the subjects spent between two and four hours a day sitting in front of the TV.

这项研究跟踪调查了3600名非洲裔美国成年人。其中近三分之一的人每天看电视的时间超过4小时;超过三分之一的研究对象每天坐着看电视的时间为2到4个小时。

The remaining third watched TV for less than two hours a day.

其余三分之一的人每天看电视的时间不到2小时。

Researchers followed the group for an average of 8.4 years. During the study, 205 of the subjects died and 129 others suffered a heart attack or stroke.

研究人员对研究对象进行了平均8.4年的跟踪调查。在研究过程中,205名受试者去世,129人面临心脏病或者中风风险。

Compared to people who watched less than two hours of television daily, those who spent more than four hours in front of the TV were 49 percent more likely to die or have a heart attack or stroke.

与每天看电视少于2小时的人相比,每天看电视超过4小时的人死亡几率、心脏病发作几率或中风的几率要高49%。

But the undesirable health effects of TV appeared to be limited to adults who failed to get the recommended amount of weekly exercise. That is around 150 minutes of moderate physical activity or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise every week.

但是,看电视对健康的不良影响似乎仅限于那些没有达到每周建议运动量的成年人。成年人每周建议运动量大为是每周150分钟的中等强度的身体活动或75分钟的高强度运动。

The study had some limitations, however.

不过,这项研究存在一些局限性。

Lin Yang is a researcher at the University of Calgary in Canada. She says it is possible that sitting in front of the TV might be worse than sitting at a desk because people snack while they are watching TV. Some people simply stay up too late and do not get enough sleep, she wrote in an email.

杨林(音译)是加拿大卡尔加里大学的研究员。她指出,坐着看电视可能比伏案办公的危害更大,因为人们在看电视的时候会吃零食。她在一封电子邮件中写道,有些人会(因看电视而)睡得太晚,睡眠不足。

Eating treats or lack of sleep could both cause weight gain and increase risk factors for heart disease. These factors could make people more likely to die early, she added.

吃零食或睡眠不足都可能导致体重增加,并增加患心脏病的风险因素。她补充说,这些因素可能会更容易导致早逝。

Yang explained that "the evidence on TV viewing and health risks (is) strong," even if the exact biological causes are unclear.

杨解释说,“关于看电视与(增加)健康风险的证据是强而有力的,”虽然确切的生物学原因尚不清楚。。

Arch Mainous is a researcher at the University of Florida in Gainesville. Like Yang, he was not involved in the study.

阿奇·迈努斯(Arch Mainous)是盖恩斯维尔佛罗里达大学的研究员。和杨一样,他也没有参与这项研究。

Mainous said in an email that it would be a mistake for people with desk jobs to think there is no need to get moving during the work day.

迈努斯在一封电子邮件中表示,对于那些伏案办公的人来说,如果他们认为没有必要在工作期间走动,那就大错特错了。

Take the stairs rather than the elevator, or take a walk at lunch, Mainous advised. "Leisure time physical activity is definitely beneficial, but working in some more steps in the workday should also be encouraged."

迈努斯表示到。“建议走楼梯而不是坐电梯,或者在午餐时散散步。休闲时间进行体育锻炼肯定有益无害,还应该鼓励在工作日多走几步路。”

I'm John Russell.

约翰·罗塞尔为您播报。

小e英语Jewel翻译!

 1 2 下一页

VOA慢速排行